Risk for Disability and Poverty Among Central Asians in the United States

Carlos Siordia, Athena K. Ramos

Abstract


Understanding the disability-poverty relationship among minority groups within the United States (US) populations may help inform interventions aimed at reducing health disparities. Limited information exists on risk factors for disability and poverty among “Central Asians” (immigrants born in Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, and other Central Asian regions of the former Soviet Union) in the US. The current cross-sectional analysis used information on 6,820 Central Asians to identify risk factors for disability and poverty. Data from the 2009-2013 Public Use Microdata Sample (PUMS) file from the American Community Survey (ACS) indicate that being married, non-Latino-white, and having higher levels of educational attainment are protective against disability and poverty. In contrast, older age, residing in the Middle Atlantic geographic division, and having limited English language ability are risk factors for both disability and poverty. Research should continue to develop risk profiles for understudied immigrant populations. Expanding knowledge on the well-being of Central Asians in the US may help impact public health interventions and inform health policies.


Keywords


disability; poverty; American Community Survey; Public Use Microdata Sample; former USSR; Central Asia

Full Text:

PDF

References


Dalal AK. Disability–poverty nexus psycho-social impediments to participatory development. Psychol Dev Soc. 2010;22(2):409-437.

Siordia C. Disability prevalence according to a class, race, and sex (CSR) hypothesis. J Racial Ethn Health Disparities. 2015;2(3):303-310.

Block P, Balcazar F, Keys C. From pathology to power rethinking race, poverty, and disability. J Disabil Policy Stud. 2001;12(1):18-27.

Braithwaite J, Mont D. Disability and poverty: A survey of World Bank poverty assessments and implications. ALTER. 2009;3(3):219-232.

Groce N, Kett M, Lang R, Trani JF. Disability and poverty: The need for a more nuanced understanding of implications for development policy and practice. Third World Quarterly. 2011;32(8):1493-1513.

Loeb M, Eide AH, Jelsma J, Toni MK, Maart S. Poverty and disability in eastern and western cape provinces, South Africa. Disabil Soc. 2008;23(4):311-321.

Lamichhane K, Okubo T. The nexus between disability, education, and employment: Evidence from Nepal. Oxford Development Studies. 2014;42(3):439-453.

Siordia C. Rates of allocation for disability items by mode in the American Community Survey. Issues in Social Science. 2015;3(1):62-82.

Siordia C. Sex-specific disability prevalence in immigrants from China, India, and Mexico and their US-born counterparts. IJHSR. 2015;5(4):267-279.

Curtis KJ, Voss PR, Long DD. Spatial variation in poverty-generating processes: Child poverty in the United States. Soc Sci Res. 2012;41(1):146-159.

Siordia C. Disability estimates between same-sex and different-sex couples: Data from the 2009-2011 American Community Survey. Sex Disabil. 2015;33(1):107-121.

Gryn T, Gambino C. The foreign born from Asia: 2011. American Community Survey Briefs. 2012.

Reamer AD. Surveying for dollars: The role of the American Community Survey in the geographic distribution of federal funds. Washington D. C.: Metropolitan Policy Program at Brookings;2010.

Siordia C, Le VD. Precision of disability estimates for Southeast Asians in American Community Survey 2008-2010 microdata. CAJGH. 2013;1(2).

Siordia C. A multilevel analysis of mobility disability in the United States population: Educational advantage diminishes as race-ethnicity poverty gap increases. Journal of Studies in Social Science. 2015;12(2):198-219.

Siordia C. Proxy-reports in the ascertainment of disability prevalence with American Community Survey data. J Frailty Aging. 2014;3(4):238-246.

Batalova J. Asian immigrants in the United States. Washington D. C.: Migration Policy Institute;2011.

Mason PL, Matella A. Stigmatization and racial selection after September 11, 2001: Self-identity among Arab and Islamic Americans. IZA Journal of Migration. 2014;3:1-21.

Palmer M. Disability and poverty: A conceptual review. J Disabil Policy Stud. 2011;21(4):210-218.

Lustig DC, Strauser DR. Causal relationships between poverty and disability. Rehabilitation Counseling Bulletin. 2007;50(4):194-202.

Hansen H, Bourgois P, Drucker E. Pathologizing poverty: New forms of diagnosis, disability, and structural stigma under welfare reform. Soc Sci Med. 2014;103:76-83.

Fujiura GT. The political arithmetic of disability and the American family: A demographic perspective. Family Relations. 2014;63(1):7-19.

Goodley D. Dis/entangling critical disability studies. Disabil Soc. 2013;28(5):631-644.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.5195/cajgh.2015.220

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2016 Carlos Siordia

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.